Forensic Anthropological Roles in Disaster Victim Identification of Two Jakarta Hotels's Bomb Blasts
Background: Forensic anthropology plays significant roles in determining the personal identification on human remains who died from disaster. Death caused by human-made disaster such as bomb blast often dismembered human bodies into small fragmented body parts—leaving it difficult for friends and family members to recognize the identity of the remains.
Case: This case study presents a case of bomb blast occurred on July 17, 2009 that injured 50 people and caused 9 deaths, in the JWM and the RC Hotel in Mega Kuningan, Jakarta. The crime scene was secured with the Police line for at least 6 days to ascertain that all body parts from the blasts were recovered and examined at the Police RS Sukanto Hospital, Forensic Installation, Jakarta. The forensic anthropologist went to the crime scene helping to search for the highly fragmented remains. The forensic anthropological method of racial, sex, and age determination were applied. The 5 steps of procedure in Disaster Victim Identification of INTERPOL were used. Out of the 9 human remains identified in the bomb blast, 2 were suicide bombers, one is the hotel staff, and the remaining were the hotel guests of multiple nationalities.Conclusion: Death due to bomb blasts left significant damage to the remains. Near the blast, human bodies were broken into hundred pieces of body parts and the blast threw the body parts far away from one another. Forensic anthropology plays significant role in determining the minimum number of individual and the personal identity of the remains.
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